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J Kesehat Lingkung Indones 2006;5(2):59-64

Gangguan Fungsi Paru dan Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhinya pada Karyawan PT.Semen Tonasa Pangkep Sulawasi Selatan



Lung Function Disorders and The Influenced Factors on Worker of PT.Semen Tonasa Pangkep, South Sulawesi



Dorce Mengkidi, Nurjazuli, Sulistiyani






Background : One of the negative effect of cement industry is air pollution by dust. Dust emitted from cement factory, during burning process and from transportation of material to the factory and out from the factory and it’s also from packaging process. This pollution can influence the environment and human health.


Method : This research was aimed to measure employee lung function and influenced factors at PT. Semen Tonasa. It was an observation study with a cross sectional design that observed 91 samples from May until June 2006. Data was obtained by interview with respondent, measured of lung capacity, body weight and height, and also measured cement dust concentration packing area, raw mill, crusher, mine, kiln and cement mill. Data analysis to done used univariate, bivariate to used Chi Square test and multivariate to used Logistic Regression with enter method.


Results : The results was shown that  dust from cement in packing area was 18,47mg/m3, raw mill 1,63mg/m3, lime stone crusher 14,98 mg/m3, mine 20,23mg/m3, kiln 4,56 mg/m3, cement mill 5,98mg/m3. Measurement of  PT. Semen Tonasa employee lung function shown an average lung functions capacity of the respondent was 88,22% FEV1/FVC with standard deviation 12,174, lowest value 48% FEV1/FVC and highest value 100% FEV1/FVC. Chi Square result shown there is significant relationship between age (p value = 0,015; RP = 1,721; 95% CI = 1,130 – 2,621), work duration (p value = 0,017; RP = 1,768; 95% CI = 1,108 – 2,821),  personal protective equipment (p value = 0,010; RP = 0,572; 95% CI = 0,390 – 0,838) and smoking habit (p value = 0,046; OR = 2,764; 95%CI = 1,020 – 7,495) with lung function disorder (p<0,05), Logistic Regression result shown personal protective equipment (p value = 0,012; OR = 3,289; 95%CI = 1,299 – 8,327)  and smoking habit (p value = 0,046; OR = 2,764; 95%CI = 1,020 – 7,495) can influence lung function disorders at the same time.


Conclusion : Therefore it is important for  controlling the impact of air pollution by utilization of masker and smoking prohibition while working to decrease lung function disorder.


Key words : cement industry, cement dust, lung function disorders


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Alamat Redaksi
Program Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan
Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro
Gedung Baru PPs UNDIP Lt. III
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Semarang, Indonesia (50241)
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