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J Kesehat Lingkung Indones 2005;4(2):39-48

Analisis Sarana Dasar Kesehatan Lingkungan yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Diare pada Anak Balita di Kecamatan Gading Cempaka Kota Bengkulu

The Analysis of Basic Environmental Health Infrastructure in Correlation with Diarrhea Incidence on Children Under Five Years in Sub District Gading Cempaka, Bengkulu Cit

 Yusran Fauzi, Onny Setiani, Mursid Raharjo

 ABSTRACT

Background : Diarrhea still represent the problem in Indonesia with the morbidity rate is about 20-40% and the mortality rate is 134 per 100.000 on children under five years. This research aim was to determine the correlation between basic infrastructure of environmental health and the diarrhea incidence on children under five years.

Method : This Research was carried out in Sub district Gading Cempaka, Bengkulu City by using the Case-Control design with the analytic survey method to 120 respondents of mother who have children under five years, consisted of 60 cases and 60 controls. The independent variable was basic infrastructure of environmental health include fresh water infrastructure type, the risk level of fresh water source contamination, fresh water quantity, fresh water bacteriological quality, latrine type, latrine condition, sewage disposal infrastructure type, sewage disposal infrastructure condition, waste disposal type, waste disposal condition and the dependent variable was diarrhea incidence on children under five years. Chi-Square test and multiple logistics regression test was used to determine the correlation between basic infrastructure of environmental health  and the diarrhea incidence on children under five years.

Result : The Result  found significant correlation between the infrastructures of environmental health variable and diarrhea incidence on  children under five years.

Conclusion : It concluded that, there are  strength correlation between the level of fresh water source contamination (OR=6,196; 95% CI 2,321-16,537), latrine type (OR=3,268; 95% CI 1,221-8,749) fresh water infrastructure type (OR=3,376; 95% CI 1,162-9,084) and  diarrhea incidence on children under five years in Subdistrict Gading Cempaka, Bengkulu city.

Keywords : Basic infrastructure of environmental health,  diarrhea, children under  five years

 

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Alamat Redaksi
Program Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan
Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro
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Semarang, Indonesia (50241)
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