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J Kesehat Lingkung Indones 2004;3(2): 61-65

Pengaruh Pencemaran Kadmium Pada Air Sumur Untuk Minum Dan Memasak Terhadap Kesehatan Wanita Di Desa Bambe Kecamatan Driyorejo, Gresik

The Correlation between Cadmium Level in Water-Table Well and Health Disorders of the Women Living in Bambe Village, Subdistrict Driyorejo, District Gresik

Sutrisno, Budiyono

ABSTRACT

Background : Cadmium is highly hazardous substance to human being. Some health disorders caused by cadmium are: anemia, tubular cell damage and bone tissue damage. The aims of this research to know the correlation between cadmium level of the water-table well and cadmium level in blood of women living in Bambe Village.

Method : This research is an analytical observational study using comparative analysis with cross-sectional design. The sample is the water-table well and women living in Bambe Village and Randegansari Village.

Results : The result of the water-table well examination done on the 30 water-table well each village showed that the average cadmium level was 46.73 g/l in Bambe and 7.93 g/l in Randegansari. The result of the blood test done on the 30 women each village showed that the average cadmium level was 447.77 g/l in the women at Bambe and 126.03 g/l in the women at Randegansari village, the t-test showed with α = 5% there was a significant difference between two village. The average Hb level was 10.60 g/dl l in the women at Bambe and 12.39 g/dl in the women at Randegansari village, the t-test showed with α = 5% there was a significant difference between the two villages. The proteinuria test is done on the 30 women at Bambe village and 30 women at Randegansari village showed that there were 13 positive, 10 sporce , 7 negative proteinuria on women in Bambe and 3 positive, 8 spoor, 19 negative on women in Randegansari; by using χ2 test with α = 5% there was a significant difference between the two villages. A multiple linear regression test with α = 5% showed that there was correlation between cadmium level water table-water well, age and blood-cadmium level of women. From the interviewed with the 30 women for each village and using χ2 test with α = 5%, it was found out there were no significant difference in their subjective complaints between women in the Bambe and women in the Randegansari.

Conclusions : Based on the finding of the research it was concluded that there was correlation between cadmium level water table-water well, age and blood-cadmium level of women.

Key words: cadmium contamination, water-table well, women health disorders.

 


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