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J Kesehat Lingkung Indones 2004;3(1):13-17

Pemberian Larutan Gula Garam dan Istirahat Pendek dalam Menurunkan Beban Kerja Pekerja Bagian Produksi Perusahaan Roti X Kota Semarang

Carbohydrate-Electrolyte Solution Intake and Short Pauses for Reducing Work Load of the Worker at Bakery X Semarang

Baju Widjasena

ABSTRACT

Background : Hot climate can increase body temperature, and then increase skin blood flow, heart beat rate, blood pressure, sweat rate and decrease gastrointestinal function. High sweat rate causes water-electrolyte imbalance in the body. Because of water-electrolyte imbalance, the body felt to dehydration. In dehydration, the work pulse will arise and make the work load raised. At X Bakery, The climate over the threshold level, so the worker suffer dehydration. In order to cope the problems, the study about water-electrolyte consumption and short pauses was done. The aim of this study was to know the effects of carbohydrate-electrolyte consumption and short pauses to work load.

Method : The design of the study was Within-subject design with 16 subjects (8 man & 8 women) .There was two treatment in this study. Work load was determined by measure the work pulse with ten pulses method. The data was analyzed with t-paired Test ( = 0.05).

Results : The result showed that carbohydrate-electrolyte intake and short pauses can significantly decrease work pulse 42,13% (p<0,05) .

Conclusion : Based on the result, it is concluded that water-electrolyte intake and short pauses can significantly decrease the work load . It is suggested that worker and management has to improve the intervention

Keywords : carbohydrate-electrolyte solution intake, short pauses, hot climate, worker

 

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Alamat Redaksi
Program Magister Kesehatan Lingkungan
Program Pascasarjana Universitas Diponegoro
Gedung Baru PPs UNDIP Lt. III
Jl. Imam Bardjo SH No. 5
Semarang, Indonesia (50241)
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